Julfa Quarter Isfahan
Julfa is one of the most alluring quarter in Isfahan where despite its eventful his tory left behind each alley and building, it is a quarter to get lost in the past and to be found immoderate, which spectacles two opposite faces of this quarter Julfa is named in remembrance of a region where Armenians had migrated, and in the Armenians language, it is called "New Julfa". Upon the arrival of Armenians to Isfahan, they simultaneously constructed their houses and places for worship the existence of 13 Cathedrals from some twenty constructed Cathedrals, out of which some date back more than 400 years ago, is proof for this evident fact.
One of the most important Cathedrals in Julfa quarters Vank Cathedral, whereas the diocese cathedral is distinguished for years for congregation and prayer of Armenians. This cathedral is the place of Bishops who served as the religious leaders of Armenian Iran India Malaysia and Singapore.
Vank's churchyard includes a valuable library, Armenians' martyrs' monument of 1915 genocide, a printing office, and a museum of extinguishable and unique objects that reflects the social-cultural effects of Armenians in Iranian society, among them we can point to the first printing machine in middle-east which first was used by an Armenian priest named "Kha. chatur Kesarats in the printing office of the church Armenian Caliphate Council is in this cathedral, too. This council makes decisions on all personal, economical, and social affairs of Armenians in Isfahan and south of Iran. The presence and proceedings of this council are reaffirming the fact that Iranian Armenians have full authority and freedom in their own affairs, this is a very beautiful example of coexisting and freedom of this society along with other Iranian Societies. Vank Cathedral was founded in 1655 and its construction started then.
This cathedral in many books recorded as a valuable historical monument and some books in different languages were written about the monument. The shape of the domes in Vank cathedral mixture of Iranian and Armenian architectures, frescoes on the walls of the cathedral which narrative stories of the Gospel and the life of Jesus, and also designation and implementations of gravestones in the churchyard are the evidence of the rich culture of Armenian society. Paving sidewalks around the church increased its beauty and makes the quarter a suitable place for walking. There are two fascinating historical churches close to Vank cathedral called St. Mary Church and Bedkhem Church, each of which is a fascinating historical monument, just walk for some hundred meters through an old sidewalk to visit two other churches. Julfa square is the other historical monument in the quarter. There is a very interesting sundial in the middle of this historical square, which was once the rendezvous for caravans. Nowadays, due to cafes in this square, it turns into a rendezvous for young people, and while having good grounds for employment, there can be a pleasant place for tourists and those who are interested in Armenian cultures and civilization.
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