Isfahan Priest's House
Excellent and breathtaking Iranian architecture in the Armenian neighborhood
Shah Abbas was determined to turn Isfahan into one of the biggest cities in the world. following the implementation of this important decision, he has benefited the best artists, architects, and skillful masters. In order to expand the urban area, he had migrated thousands of Armenian families from Jolfaregion in Azerbaijan province to the city of Isfahan, and he had settled them in a region beside the Zayanderud River, called the "Jolfa" district.
Alleys, malls, squares, bathhouses, two great caravanserais, and particularly gardens, tree-lined streets, and garden-like houses are the characteristics identified by western travelogue writers in the description of Jolfa district Holster, who was lived in Isfahan In 1870s1880-s, wrote in his travelogue: "more than half of the Jolfa district is composed of gardens tree-lined streets and courtyards full of trees in such a way that houses themselves are not visible." And He Mentioned that there were 380 houses and the population of Armenian settled in Isfahan was more than 2600 people at that moment During the Advancement And development of the Jolfa district by the construction of numerous Churches and squares, many houses were built there, too. Although many of these houses were ruined over time, especially by the immigration of Armenian from Isfahan, there are still houses in the Julfa district that are unique in architecture, decoration, and other architectural and aesthetical aspects. Iranian traditional houses often have similar characteristics and features such as having a very large area. In addition, these houses are generally composed of:
1. Doorway, 2. Entrance 3. Hashti. 4. Enteringhallway, 5. Porches. 6. Courtyard And rooms its surrounding 7. Pond of water, 8. Underground. 9. Bathroom
In Iranian traditional houses, the entrance door is usually a doubled-part wooden door and usually, they had two knobs. called "Kobeh installed on each part of the door from which the hammer-like knobs were installed for men and the circular-like knobs were for women. After the entrance, there is a roofed octagonal-shaped area known as 'Hashti", in which seats are prepared for sitting Hashti was used to access different parts of the house or sometimes to access different houses. In traditional houses, the courtyard was built in the heart, and the center of the building and pond water and garden were the main decorative elements. Hall was generally space with beautiful and elegant decoration and it was quite distinguishable from other rooms of the building Halls were decorated with bed molding mirror works, painting on plaster Moghamas (stalactite niche-like vaults), and also paintings on wood Hall was used for entertaining respectful and special guests Generally, houses were built on the north-south island the main spaces of the house were built both on north and south sides.
By considering this introduction, we introduce you to one of the few remaining houses from the glorious era of Isfahan "The Manse" (Khanehaye Kesheesh) is one of the few remaining traditional houses located in the Jolfa district which were during Safavidarchitectural Style Dislocated in Shangtarashhaalley, Tabrizineighborhood. This traditional house has belonged to Priest Jolfa "Gargin Hanian" who passed away in December 1940 and was buried under the church bell of Vankcathedral Priest Gargin Hanian was born on May 1881,6 in the Jolfa district of Isfahan. he passed his elementary education at Julfa Armenian School and for further studies was heading to India. In 1897, he started his job as a teacher in Jolfa Armenian schools, and in 1910 he achieved his priesthood. Besides priesthood, he started writing and translating professionally, he wrote lots of articles on different presses in Armenian, Persian, English, and French languages. Among his most important written and translated books, "Armenian Church in French, English to Armenian translation of Armenia the Martyr', and French to English translation of Armenian Nation" are distinguishable. His most important service to the culture and literature of our motherland, Iran is written in the Persian to Armenian Dictionary, which was published in 1933 for the first time in Tehran. In 2005.
Mr. Homayun Afham, who is from an original Isfahanian family and fan and supporter of Iranian art and culture, bought Kanehye Kesheesh(the manse) from the heirs of Priest Gargin Hanian in order to preserve the culture and civilization of this land and revival art and architecture of Safavid Era; and this building was restored and renovated by experts Main parts of the building are Hashti, bedrooms. Shahneshin (the most spacious and beautiful room), earing, and great porch; the interior spaces are decorated by moldings and mirror works. The roof of the porch is located on four high wooden columns and decorated with wooden framing and plaid furring, In Addition to the main part of the house which is located on the northern side, on the other three sides, completely new complexin consistent with the traditional architectural style and with the same height and in three-story added to the previous building. This new complex.consists of numerous suites, a meeting hall. kitchen and pantry courtyard, a pond of water and beautiful gardens, and a library with a valuable collection of old books, manuscripts, and gramophone records of classical Iranian music: this combination of tradition and modernity creates a gorgeous, simple, and pure atmosphere, both softens the soul and bring relaxation and pleasure to the visitors The winter-side of the home was ruined due to the construction of adjacently, then restored during the Pahlavi era Generally, the primary area of the house was bigger than the current area. In January 2009,5.
This house is registered on the Iran National Heritage List In one of the rooms of the house still some paintings from Safaviderare visible. Thanks to the presence of Mr. Yaser Mohseni and his wife Mrs. Hoseini life is brought back to the house. This cultivated couple revived the soul of art in the manse and converted the beautiful rooms of the house to art workshops Printmaking jewelry making arts on wood and leather stained glasses, and sewing traditional costumes are performing the chest of this traditional treasure It has been many years that Mrs. Hoseiniisleadingin handicrafts and designing beautiful traditional clothes. She is the owner of the "Banojey gallery. Many clothes which people wear nowadays were designed by her in Isfahan some years ago.
The combination of art and engineering by this lovely couple sprinkles the freshened light to this house. Thanks to this honorable couple, nights of poetry and film screening are held in the house, too, which freshening the visitors at the end of the day. You can tour the house, make lots of memories, buy art, and experience such calmness and pleasure which is not found anywhere at any cost. If You want to have an eye on a diorama and have a different memory. just visit the secret treasure of Khanehye Kesheesh (The manse)
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