Buildings In Iran
Iran's architecture history backs to 6,000 years ago. This architecture has had a huge influence on other cultures and architectures outside of Iran. These architecture elements are visible in different parts of Iranian architecture like Ancient and historical graves - four-story ceilings - tall porches - bridges, mosques, Caravanserai, architectural decoration, and other palpable buildings.

Buildings In Iran
Iran's architecture history backs to 6,000 years ago. This architecture has had a huge influence on other cultures and architectures outside of Iran. These architecture elements are visible in different parts of Iranian architecture like Ancient and historical graves - four-story ceilings - tall porches - bridges, mosques, Caravanserai, architectural decoration, and other palpable buildings.
In fact, Iranian architecture has been sustained. Although repeatedly invaded during history, but has gained and kept its own architectural style. In Iran, the architecture of buildings has a public, religious and ritual purpose, and, like the other parts of the world, is dependent on different factors such as the climate, the existing material, the region's culture, neighborhoods, and religious beliefs of the people.
The most important feature of Iranian architecture, which is visible in all buildings and architectural elements, is observing the people's rights. In the construction of all buildings, this purpose is considered that be useful for all people at various levels. In this regard, there are many buildings that different people and groups use them.
In this section, we will mention some Iranian buildings and the application of each one:

Non-religious buildings

Religious buildings:
Religious buildings or Prayer house(Masged): Buildings where people use to pray and talk with God.
Square Buildings: Great prayer halls with a dome over it facing at specific directions (Mecca).
Temple: This is another title for prayer house.
Mosque: Prayer houses used by Muslims.
Church: Prayer houses used by Christians.
Synagogue: Prayer houses for Jews.
Fire temple: Are Zoroastrian temples in which the sacred fire is preserved.
Tower of Silence: Towers of silences or crypts were used by idol worshipers especially Mitra worshippers to bury their dead.
Ostodan: A tool used for preservation of bones outside towns. In Zoroastrian faith, dead bodies were laid over the 'Ostodan' so that the flesh would be eaten by birds and rot away and would not pollute the earth.
Graveyard: Place of the people's burial
Seminary: Buildings used for the education of clerics.
Imamzadeh: Sacred burial grounds in which the descendants of Prophet Mohammad (S) are buried. The grandchildren of the Prophet are regarded with much respect by Iranians.
Monastery or house of dervishes: It was a place for the congregation of dervishes or mystical scholars who wished to separate themselves from the followers of Shia faith. Originally the dervish sects were established to fight the Turkish and other invaders, but gradually they changed their goals.
Hosseinieh: Public places in towns and villages for doing religious ceremonies especially the  Imam Hossein's martyrdom
Tekieh: Buildings similar to Hosseiniehs but on a smaller size and for other uses besides mourning.
Mosalla: A big open or closed area for gathering of Shia Muslims for group prayer on Fridays and special occasions such as 'Eid-ul-Fitr pray which is held at the end of fasting month.

religious Buildings In Iran

Non-religious buildings:
House: Roofed buildings used by families.
Bridge: Passages over rivers and difficult valleys for crossing
Palace: Glorious buildings usually built by kings and governors. Caravansary: a Guesthouses inside and outside of towns for resting of the caravans.
Khan: Khan is the Arabic equivalent of the caravansary, Inn (smaller caravansary): Guesthouses outside towns near roads for an overnight of travelers.
Hammam (Public bath): public places in towns and villages normally built near mosques.
Traditional gymnasium(Zoor Khane): Buildings used for traditional physical sports. Those who attended such buildings do special athletic activities and special ceremonies.
 Bazaar: Shopping malls near mosques for trading goods. Bazaars are considered as the backbone of Iranian towns.
Castle: Military fortifications used for protection of roads, usually built at elevated places for the supervision of roads.
Traditional post office: Building in roads designed postal service in ancient times.
Yakhdan (Icehouse): Domed buildings, a place for making ice in winter and using them in warm seasons.
Windmill: Buildings in which wheat or barely were grinded by wind energy.

Non-religious buildings in Iran

Cylindrical signboard:
Tall cylindrical buildings set on roads and visible for distance for travelers. These signboards helped the travelers not to deviate from the road. Cylindrical board: A sort of cylindrical signboard on top of which fire was kindled to provide light and help travelers find their way at nights.
Observatory: Buildings constructed by Iranian astrologers to watch the stars.
Underground water reservoir: Ponds constructed in basements in order to preserve potable water and use it in summer because the water was scarce in arid plains.
Pond: Basins like water reservoirs for the preservation of water in homes and deserts. Citadel: Government castles which occupied a great part of towns and were used by governors and their families.






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