The Malek House - Isfahan
The delightsome architecture of Iranian homes has long been famous, the houses that when you go and see them apart from their exquisite architecture where every part of itis made of principles and everything is in its place Another point also attracts attention And that is the character of the house, In fact, the old houses each have their own personality:: Something that does not fit in today's homes.
There were also Garden houses that their garden now has been destroyed over time and for various reasons. One of them is Angurestan Malek"; this house is on Sharif Vahifi Street, Malek Street, Sheikh Youssefneighborhood. A house that once flourished in the hills of the vineyard in the Qajar Era. Historical books say that during the reign of Nader Shah, Afsharwas a garden full of grape trees near the city center, which was seized by the agents of the king due to the non-payment of taxes from the peasants, The garden was considered a state property since then, and at the time of Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar, it was at the disposal of the governor of Isfahan.
After that, the son of this person, Haji Mohammad Ibrahim Khan, who was nicknamed Malik Altojar, built the building of Angurestan And dedicated it to the mourning and ta’zieh ceremonies; In fact, at that time, this building was dedicated to holding Muharram's mourning And the architect's constructor, Master Hussein, designed it to be suitable for Ta'zich. Alireza Jafari Zandarchaeologist and cultural heritage expert said about Malek al-Tajar: Mohammad Ibrahim Malek, who was Malik al-Tajar of Esfahani The Qajarera, rescued many buildings from the destruction of Zillal-Sultan. It is interesting to know that he bought the Chehelsoton and Ali Ghapoo from this tyrannical ruler, and because of personal property, Sultan Zillal-Sultan failed to destroy these two monuments and now we see that these buildings are still in place. The architecture is a thousand colors house, However, over time, various parts of this vineyard have been destroyed and parts of it were destroyed in Widening of Malek Street in 1333 AH. However, what remains of this building is the vast courtyard, which was located in the north and dining room with an approximate area with the yard. This dining room covers the entire front of the yard. The dining room opens to the southern courtyard by the window.
Later, the courtyard of the house was also roofed so that the windows of the dining room, the indoor courtyard and the roof and the spaces of the three fronts of the building were used for Tazieh. At the roof of the courtyard, a beautiful-cornered luminaire along with the windows above the walls of the courtyard lightens the space of tazieh. The five doors Hall, located on the northern front of the courtyard, is the burial site of the late Malek al-Tjajar and his wife buried in this place on the basis of his will. Covered courtyards, dining rooms, tombstones, and other courtyards are decorated with plenty of plasterwork, mirror work, and tiling. The pillars that are in the middle of the dining room and the yard are with wooden veneers but the base and columns of the hall are made of wood, with decorations and its Roof is very eye-catching with a lot of mirrors. Underneath the dining room space, there is an underground Which Skylights Grid provide its light from the south yard. The southeastern corner of the building a bathhouse is located that has a very beautiful dome roof and there are platforms around it. The windows are decorated with colored glasses that radiation of light from the outside, passing through the glass and reflecting it in the mirror room, creating a very beautiful atmosphere. Mahdi Faghihi,a cultural heritage researcher about this house, says: This building is at the disposal of the endowment, and with the cultural use of this building, it has remained idle and has not caused a structural problem for it, and it is dedicated to holding the Quranic recitation, tajzi and mourning ceremony. He added that the beautiful chandeliers left from the Qajar Era, Exquisite stones, magnificent windows, wall paintings, wooden columns with Muqarnas decorations, mirror works are of the immense beauty of this Qajarera building. The decorations of this building represent the art plasterwork, the mirror work of the creative and artistic artists of Esfahan. The first historic bathhouse sample The house has a nice bathroom, In the southeast corner of this building, there is a bath with a beautiful dome roof and platforms around, which resemble home-made bathrooms and good examples of Qajari baths.
Old houses and native architecture are part of the historical memory of a city. When the people of the city were still not enclosed in iron and steel, they laid out spaces with soil and rock, water and sun in the background of knowledge and experiences, which today are memorials of our cultural heritage and the future of the land. Over time, the architectural structure has changed in the geographic environment of the provinces. However, the style of the indigenous, original and historical architecture of each province has been designed in terms of the climate, indigenous culture, and the lifestyle of every province's people. The historic home of the Malek vineyard is one of those houses that narrates not the only history, but it also delves every visitor into the depths of history.
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