The Semnan charms enchant you
Semnan Province lies at the southern foothills of Alborz Mountain Range but as we move towards south the elevated mountains dwindle into hills and flat plains. However, the lofty mountainous regions are covered by dense jungles and green plains and many springs and rivers which have made it a recreational spot in the country. The climate in mountain peaks is cold, moderate at the foothills and warm in the desert plains.
The roads from Semnan province to Mazandaran and Golestan province are some the most beautiful roads of Iran passing through mountains and jungles. The road to be constructed from Shahrud to Golestan passing through Jangal e Abr (EN: Jungle of the Cloud) is one of the most discussed roads because of the environmental issues and deforestation.
The present Semnan province is said to be the mythical region Varena of Avesta and Parthia region during Median and Achaemenid periods. During Median and Achaemenid times it was known as Komisneh or Komishan (called Qomes by Arabs). The Parthians divided Iran into 18 provinces, one of which was Qomes, now known as Semnan Province. During the 7th century AD, the invading Arabs conquered Iran including Qomes. During the reign of Omayyid and Abbasid caliphs a general revolt against the Arabs began throughout Iran and within a short period the Zoroastrians of Tabarestan under the leadership of Sandbad conquered Sangsar, Shahmirzad and Rey towns.
Qomes was the seat of the Ismaili sect during the 12th and 13th centuries AD. The Mongols inflicted heavy damage and massacred the inhabitants of Qomes. After the installation of Safavid Empire Shah Ismaeel conquered Firoozkuh, Khar, Semnan and Sangsar towns. Agha Mohammad Khan, the founder of Qajar Dynasty, conquered Qomes and Damghan and other regions south of Persian Gulf. Fathali Shah, who was born in Semnan, paid special attention to the development of the region.
Semnan city, the capital city of Semnan Province, is situated south of the foothills of Alborz Mountains, bordering Kavir Desert (Central Deserts of Iran) at the south. Semnan enjoys the traditional four seasons of spring, summer, autumn, and winter. The rain season starts in December and lasts until May, but precipitation in winter months generally falls in the shape of snow. The Mongol hordes massacred the people and burnt much of the city to the ground in the year 1221. Semnan did not recover from this shock until the rise of the Safavid Dynasty which contributed much to the reconstruction of the city. With the beginning of the Qajar Dynasty, Semnan witnessed massive growth in economical, cultural, infrastructural, and political fields. The tribe that turned into Qajar Dynasty was itself
located in the mountainous terrain between the modern provinces of Semnan, Mazandaran, and Golestan. The Qajars converted Semnan into a civil fortress, from which they controlled the major trade route to Tehran, their capital city. The Pahlavi Dynasty marks the transition of Semnan into the modern era.
The Tarikhaneh Temple or the Tarikhaneh Mosque is a Sassanid-era monument located in the city of Damghan, Semnan Province, Iran. This is mentioned as the oldest mosque in Iran. This mosque is built on the remains of a Sassanid fire temple. Tarik Khane, or "God's House' is a combination of the Arabic mosque plans with Sasanian architectural techniques. The plan of the mosque consists of a square courtyard that is surrounded by arches of barrel vaults in 3.5 meters high and almost 2 meters and supported by slightly pointed brick arches fired on rather squat circular pillars, typical of Sassanid architecture.
2-Bayazid Bastami Tomb
This grave is now a historical monument and a tourist destination. Bastam is one of the cities in the Semnan province and 6 kilometers north of Shahrud. Bayazid Bastami known as Sultan-ul-Arifin is the largest 3rd century Iranian Sufi AH. He has been living in Bastam and his grave is in this city. The complex includes mosque, tombstone, dome, minaret, porch, hall, and courtyard featuring works from the Seljuk, Ilkhani, Timurid, Safavid, and Qajar dynasties. The grave of this great Sufi has no decoration, and indeed the contempt for materialistic aspects of life is quite obvious in his grave.
At Bayazid's grave, there is a marble bearing the words of the famous sermons of the first Shiite Imam, Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS). Bayazid Monastery is located 4 meters west of the tomb. The monastery has two small rooms that are connected with short ceilings. The walls and ceilings of the monastery have very beautiful stucco works and some phrases are stamped on it. There are also inscriptions on the altar.
3-Abr Jungle or Clouds Forest
If you are a botanist, Abr Jungle (Clouds Forest) It will be the most exciting part of your research. You are at the oldest part of the Caspian Hyrcanian forests with rare species of animals and plants. Abr (Cloud) Forest of Tuskestan is part of the oldest and most beautiful Hircanian forests with rare species of animals and plants and is one of the most beautiful places in the city of Shahrud. In this forest, the clouds are so close to the trees that it makes it seem like the forest is riding on the clouds and you can walk through the clouds. Many tourists believe that this is one of the most picturesque places in the nature of Iran.
4-Badab -e Surt springs
Badab-e Surt springs in Mazandaran are two springs with waters completely different from the point of view of color, odor, taste, and volume. The first spring which has ample water has very briny water and a deep pond with 15 m diameter. The second spring, above the first spring and at the north, has soar water with red and orange color. The mineral sediments driven out from these two spring during the course of years have been accumulated at lower elevations of the mountain and have created hundreds of deposits and dozens of lovely ponds in orange, yellow and red colors. These deposited minerals and ponds are in fact rare and attractive scenes around Badabsoort springs. The beauty of these deposits and the natural position of the springs in the mountainside and the surrounding landscapes are very charming, especially during sunset. The springs are located at an elevation of 1840 m from sea level and are unrivaled in beauty in the country. Only Pamookaleh Spring in Turkey resembles Badabsoort Springs in beauty. The area above the springs is covered by barberry and coniferous jungles.
5-Semnan Jame Mosque
One of the oldest religious structures in Semnan with a Sassanid origin. The Semnan Jameh Mosque is considered the oldest post-Islamic architectural structure in the city of Semnan that has changed a lot over time. According to historical texts, this monument belongs to the 3rd century AH. The original building of the mosque is one of the works from the Islamic era, which was expanded during the Seljuk, Ilkhanate, and Timurid periods. During Ali Ibn Abi Talib's caliphate, he ordered to build 1001 mosques from Kufa to Bukhara. Under Abdullah Ibn Umar's rule, the wealthy in Semnan built the present mosque, but the building was not very glorious.
6-Deh Namak(Salt village) Carevanseray
A valuable historic Carevanseray on the way Tehran to where you can feel the emotion of tradesmen who have stayed here. This great Safavid-era caravanserai was built in 1570 but now it is renovated and changed to a traditional hotel with new facilities. So if you want to understand an old feeling, this is the best choice for your stay.
7-Shahmirzad: Iran's desert paradise
A city close to Semnan with very different weather by the name, Shahmirzad. A favored place for the tourists who visits the city for its cool climate and popular lush gardens. Shahmirzad's walnut orchards with a size of 700 hectares are noted by the UN, Food and Agriculture Organization, as the largest of its kind in the world.
An everpermanent Qanat by the name Cheshmeh-Ali favored of Qajar kings for summer trips. It is located 30 km north of Damghan city. Thanks to its verdant foliage and pleasant climate this region has been frequented by people from ancient times. During the Qajar period many buildings were constructed in Cheshmeh Ali among which the Fat'hali Shah and Agha Mohammad Khan palaces still stand erect. Fat'hali Shah's palace is built in the middle of a lagoon placed between the first and second spring and Agha Mohammad-Khan's palace is facing opposite the former palace. Cheshmeh-Ali is a popular public place for local tourists.
9-Rig Jin Desert
with an area of 3,800 square kilometers, is located west of the desert plain and is an area full of sand and dunes in the central desert of Iran. This vast area has no water wells or springs, so it has never been a favorite for caravans. However, adventurous tourists love this area. The groups can have camping and overnight here.
The Rig Jin Desert is called Iran's Bermuda Triangle.
The beating heart of all historical cities and anthropological museums to know the customs of the people called the bazaar.
The Bazaar is the largest center of trading merchandise in Semnan. Its date back to the Qajar era and is located like all Bazaars in the central of the city.
It is about 1600 meters and its construction dates back to about 180 years ago at the beginning of the Qajar dynasty. The architecture of this monument is in ancient Persian-style architecture, decorated with sun-dried brick and brick ceilings in compliance with the specific weather conditions of the desert region.
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