VENDIDAD A Zoroastrian Codex Purificarum
Among the remaining parts of the Sassanid Avesta, which in its entirety was organized in 21 Nasks or chapters, Vendidad is the most important ritual text. This text consists of 22 Fargards or parts, which contain many conceptual themes, focusing on social laws and religious rituals. The language of the Vendidad is a form of Old Avestan and the time of its composition which goes back to around 8th century BC,
The terrain of the Neyriz region is composed mostly of ridges that are prolongations of the Zagros Mountains; the ridges run northwest-southeast, and are intersected by plains. The region borders on the largest of the permanent lakes of the Fars province, Lake Bakhtegan and Lake Tashk. The territory around Lake Bakhtegan has revealed many prehistoric sites.
Karian Fire Temple
Although in different periods of its history the structure of the Sasanid society varied somewhat, it essentially consisted of three social strata: the priests; the noblemen, who included the royal family, aristocracy, and warriors; and the farmers. Each of these classes was granted a special fire, which was preserved in temples in three different parts of Iran.
Pre-Islamic Architecture Iranian architecture has a continuous history of more than 7,000 years. The earliest-known phases of building in Iran belong to Neolithic communities, and date back to the late 7th and early 6th millennia B.C. Relics from that period have been disclosed by excavations at the Zagheh mound in the Qazvin Plain, Ali Kush in the Deh Luran Plain, and many other prehistoric sites of the Iranian Plateau and its bordering regions. The houses there were built of handmade bricks of local mud, cut into rectangles and sun-dried. The buildings at the Zagheh mound were painted, and equipped with a fireplace.
Khorasan Razavi: Iran's most important religious tourism destination
The Province of Khorasan Razavi borders the Turkmenistan Republic in the north and Afghanistan in the east and its capital city is Mashhad. The northern part of Khorasan Razavi Province is covered by fertile lands and the southern parts are barren deserts with poor herbal coverage. Among the mountains, Hezar Masjed and Binalood are the highest. The climate in Khorasan and the temperature and rainfall reduces as you move from north to south.
Zavareh one of the oldest Iran's desert villages
Located only a short distance east of Ardestan, this ancient town was an important point on the crossroads of trade routes starting from Sasanid or even earlier times to approximately the 11th century. Today it is a forgotten little town whose narrow streets and flat-roofed houses have changed little in the last hundred years. Located on the edge of the desert, Zavareh has a very arid climate, often with very hot days and cold nights.
Naghsh e Jahan the world's oldest polo field
The polo was played for the first time in Persia (Iran) on dates from the 6th century BC to the 1st century AD. Initially, Polo was a training game for cavalry units, usually guarding the king or other elite troops. From there, it spread to all of Persia and beyond. It is now popular worldwide, with more than 100 member countries of the International Polo Federation.
Ardestan Jame Mosque with Sassanid fire temple structure
The Congregational Mosque of Ardestan is one of the most beautiful and best-preserved Iranian mosques. Vestiges of four historical epochs are discernible here. The earliest belong to a Sasanid fire temple, remodeled to meet the needs of a Muslim religious building. This primeval mosque, which consisted of a single domed sanctuary, was built in the 10th century by Omar ibn Abdolaziz, a governor of Esfahan.
Nain and its 1000 years old Jame Mosque
This ancient, austere, and perfectly intact Congregational Mosque is one of the most beautiful religious buildings in Iran. It is believed to have been constructed in the 7th century by Umayyad caliph Omar. However, an archaeological survey on the site has shown that the mosque's construction (or reconstruction) dates from the 10th 11th century.
The Silk Road and the Successive Caravanseraies along its Route
The routes of the Silk Road were initially particular ways for trade comprised of numerous access ways to connect the land of China to the Mediterranean Sea, with a total length of 7000 kilometers main road. This road extending from 'Chang-an', the capital of China in the past, passed through Samarkand, a city in Turkestan. Bukhara, a city in Russian Turkestan,..
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