Gheisari Bazaar Isfahan
In terminology, a bazaar is a place for selling and purchasing goods and commodities. From the emergence of the bazaar, the communication corridors between urban space have become better and the main permanent bazaar got organized in every city along the main roads and city passages beginning from the city gate to the center of the town. In other words, the bazaar was a crowded place along which different trades and productive businesses were established. Besides that, bazaars were built in different manners based on geographical locations.
For instance, in warm and desert cities, the bazaars were built with covered ceilings to provide a shadow for the passengers, or in cold places, the bazaar was an open one to warmth the path for the passengers. Professor Robert (Geographical and Orientalist) mentioned: "Bazaar complex is one of the greatest achievements of the Islamic era and the connection of new bazaars to the old ones were so masterfully designed that old parts of the bazaar have been still preserved during the past four centuries. The main component of the bazaar is as followed:
- 1 Row, which composes the main passage in the bazaar.
-2 Category (rāsta) is a place for tradesmen and various jobs in the market.
-3 Passageways (dälänare parts of the bazaar in which different commodities are sold.
-4 Kalfbaz or khalfbaz means a place where raw materials and goods are starched.
-5 Serra (sarāy) is a place for selling and offering goods.
- 6 Arcade (timças)mostly roofed, is a part of the bazaar where retails and wholesale is running Besides that, Hujras, mosques, tea shops, and schools and healing practice are other parts of the bazaar.
Isfahan being the capital in different periods and located on the main economic and commercial roads possesses many bazaars among which Gheisari bazaar is a famous one.
Where is the Gheisari bazaar?
Opposite the Abbasi Jameh Mosque in the north of Naghsh-e Jahan square, an arched façade with splendid tiling and pale magnificent Safavid painting shows off to be the entrance of Gheisari bazaar. Gheisari façade is a glorious genuine entrance of the bazaar having the best view to the square finished during the Safavid dynasty in the time of Shah Abbas the first whose architect was Ali Akbar Isfahani. The Grand Gheisari façade is the most important gate of the Safavid city connecting the new town of Safavid with the old town of Seljuk through the Gheisari bazaar.
Clearly, the name offaçade is taken from "Gheisari bazaar' which immediately started from the façade to the Chit cross-section (cahärsuq). It is said that Gheisari is derived from the word "Gheisar" or "Caesar'' and is typically a row in a bazaar where lightweight expensive goods are sold and generally built by the government or rich tradesmen. This part of the bazaar is more prosperous in terms of architecture and decoration due to the financial strength of the Gheisari craftsmen. It is also called a royal bazaar because of its enriched decoration and prominent constructors. The royal bazaar starts from the facade to the chit rows and from there to the healing practice which is nowadays a place for selling handicrafts and calico. In this part, there is a royal mint as well which has been transferred to a bank. The famous king Serra or Malek - Tojar is also located in the bazaar.
The Architecture of the Bazaar
The bazaar is a two-high story, the second floor of which is dedicated to the tradesmen and the first floor belonged to the different vendor's shops located on both sides of rows merged in a place called" (cahär sug)"whose dome is a bit higher than the other domes and has rows, arcades, caravanserai along with it. In this complex, there are handicrafts workshops, mosques, schools, religious and public buildings as well. Nowadays more activity depends on big sellers in serras and arcades. The bazaar has other branches as well which are still active in different jobs and occupations.
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