Certainly, You have heard Shiraz’s name in different cases of talking about Iran. City of colors, gardens, poets, history, funny people, and finally the wine of Shiraz that has an international brand. But this wonderful city is a lot more than that. Shiraz has imposed itself on all Iran's itineraries thus the travelers miss it even before the end of the trip. Everything is more pleasant and vivid in Shiraz, even mosques that are usually decorated with a few common colors such as turquoise and azure are decorated in Shiraz with the most evocative colors.
Shiraz is known as the heartland of Persian culture for over 2000 years. It was the center of the greatest Persian Empire from the Indus River up to Europe. Also, had a creditable position in other dynasties like the Seleucid, Parthian, and Sassanids Empire. According to the mentioned reasons, the city of Shiraz has a wide range of different historical monuments that show the importance and prestige of this historical city.
The main foundation for Quran Gate, the entrance to the city, was laid by Azadoldolleh Deylami in which two manuscript Qurans in Sols script were preserved at a chamber above the gate. It was the habit of the people in Shiraz to pass through the Quran gate on the first day of each lunar month to enjoy Quran's protection. The new gate was constructed later on near the older ones at the entrance to Shiraz
Khajoo Kermani is a famous poet and mystic of the 14th century. His tomb is located west of the Quran Gate at a higher elevation at the skirt of a mountain.
This is a very precious roofed complex east of Shiraz Municipality Square and adjacent to Jame Mosque. The Bazaar was built by Karim Khan in the year 1773. Some experts believe Karim Khan had tried to imitate the Qeysarieh Bazaar of Isfahan to embellish his capital.
This bazaar lies south of Vakil's Bazaar and is a Qajar monument. The bazaar, stretching from north to south, is equipped with a series of malls and inns.
The Mausoleum of Shahcheragh is the most glorious religious building in Shiraz. The mosque is roofed by an azure dome and coated by very lovely tiles. Shahcheragh Mosque is famous for its delicate tiles, mirrorwork, shrine, and silver gates. It was built by old and modern architects in the city.
The Nasir al-Mulk Mosque or Pink Mosque is the most famous mosque among tourist. This Qajar mosque(1876 - 1888) is still in use under protection by Nasir al Mulk's Endowment Foundation. The mosque extensively uses colored glass in its facade and is named in popular culture as Pink Mosque due to the usage of beautiful pink color tiles for its interior design.
Nassirolmolk Mosque Nassirolmolk Mosque, universally known for the eye-catching photographs of the colorful ray of light from the windows in the morning, is equipped with a brickyard in the north. The entrance gate is capped by a big ceiling with false arches and red by colorful tiles. A double wooden door was set at the gate. Two Shabestans are set at the eastern and western wings; the western shat covered by ornamental bricks and supported by stone columns is prettier than the eastern Shabestan. Seven wooden doors decorated by pretty colorful windowpanes at the western Shabestan open into the courtyard. The decoration of this mosque resembles that of Vakil's Mosque in Shiraz. The ceiling and walls of the western Shabestan are covered by very pretty tiles and the floor is covered by azure tiles. The roof and the ceiling of the Morvarid Taqnama (false arch) at the north are covered by very pretty tiles and verses from the Quran.
The mosque attracts most visitors early in the morning (9 am to 11 am is best) when the hall and its Persian carpets are illuminated with a kaleidoscope of patterned flecks of light. It makes for a magical experience – and an irresistible photograph.
Sa'adi’s mausoleum was built in the poet's monastery in which he spent his last years and was buried in the 13th century a tombstone was laid over sadi's remains, but in 1590 upon the instruction of Yaghoub Ibne Zolghadr, the governor of Fars. the poet's monastery was destroyed. In 1773 upon instruction of Karim Khan a structure was raised over the poet's tomb which stayed until 1948. Two years later Mohsen Forughi, the famous architect of the Iran National Heritage Organization designed a new building to replace the older one in which he imitated Isfahan's Chehel Sotoun and a mixture of traditional and modern styles.
This area has been called the Seven men mausoleum" because seven graves of mystics lie in front of the veranda of a villa that has been built at the foot of Chehel Magham Mountain by Karim Khan.
Arg-e Karim Khan or Citadel was built during Zand Period in the year 1766. Karim Khan hired the best architects and chose the best building material for this palace. When he chose Shiraz as his capital he used the Citadel as his private house. The citadel was used as a jail during the Pahlavi Period and was damaged. The repair of the citadel began a few years ago to convert it into a museum. A tiled painting on the portal of the gate displays the battle between Rustam and the White Demon. The Interior of the Citadel is decorated with the portrait of servants and soldiers of the Zand Period with pretty tiles. The building is a mixture of houses and barracks. There is a portico and six rooms at the three wings of the complex. The king's private bath is located in the eastern wing. Previously the parapet at the four sides along with a moat was employed to defend against enemy attack.
Atiq Congregation Mosque is the oldest mosque in Shiraz, built at the eastern flank of Shahcheragh Mausoleum in the 16th century by Omarv Leith Safari after he defeated the caliph's army. Khodakhaneh (God's House) is a square structure in the middle of the mosque with four towers set on the four wings and a portico in front of each tower. A chamber has been constructed in the middle of this structure to preserve the Qurans. A big Shabestan was built south of the mosque with a portal decorated with lovely tiles during the 16the century AD.
This is a very pretty and solid mosque built by humble Karim Khan (who called himself Vakil Al Roaya or the people's representative). The mosque is equipped with two porticoes and two Shabestans. The southern Shabestan covering an area of 5 thousand m2 is supported by 48 spiral stone columns. A staircase with 14 steps leading to a pulpit made of a single rock in the Shabestan has added to the Shabestan's beauty. The mosque is void of minarets. The interior of the mosque has been coated with very beautiful tiles in the shapes of trees, flowers, and nightingales.
-Vakil's Bath and Reservoir
The bath is adjacent to Vakil's Mosque. Most of the slabs on the walls of the bath are marble and there is a pretty triangular pond in each cloakroom. The ceiling and the walls of the bath are decorated with lovely lime friezes with flower designs and verses from Shahnameh. Vakil's Water Reservoir was constructed west of Vakil's Mosque in the year 1766.
Madrasah Khan (EN: Khan's Seminary and school) was built during the Safavid Period. A large hall above the vestibule served as a classroom for famous scholars like Mulla Sadra. The portal above the gate is decorated with fine inlaid tiles.
Located in the middle of Nazar Orchard. It is an octagonal building decorated with delicate tiles, paintings, and doors. The museum displays prehistoric pottery, brass, hunting tools, and jewelry. The pottery of the Second Millennium BC extracted from Fasa is notable for inspection. The dark vessels portraying fishes, an eagle, a pair of deer, and a lion are very interesting to see. Of brassware, one can see portraits of man and animals, idols, and other items fabricated by Lori artists. Items from the Achaemenid and Sassanid periods are also on display in Pars Museum.
-Afifabad Military Museum
Housed in the Nassirolmolk Building the museum consist of the main hall, women's and men's quarters, and a basement, decorated with tiles in Sassanid style. Relics from Qajar Period such as chinaware, scripts, lacquer boxes, traditional costumes, mirrored boxes, etc. can be seen in this museum. Museum of Natural History Specimen of animals, herbs, stones, and fossils and their evolution is exhibited in this museum.
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