If you are going to visit the religious holy city of Mashhad, Bojnord is one of the most important tourist destinations on your way. This city is the largest city in North Khorasan province and has many tourist attractions. Bojnord is located in the northeast of Iran and north of the Alborz mountain range and has a mild mountainous climate. It has relatively hot summers and relatively cold winters. Bojnord city mostly consists of mountainous areas and high plateaus. In the areas of Bojnord city, cold prevails throughout the winter season, and the average annual frost days are more than 100 days.
Bojnourd is the capital city of North Khorasan Province, Iran. It is about 701 km (436 mi) from Tehran and is located 1070 meters above sea level. The history of Bojnourd dates back to the Sassanid era. The ancient city was situated on a hill northwest of the present city of Bojnurd called Sareban Mehallen, also known as Sarvan Mahaleh by local people. Many people speak at least 2 different languages including Persian, Tati, Khorasani Turkic, Kurmanji Kurdish, and Turkmen. Bojnourd is famous for its Turkmen horses and professional horse-training centers, so it attracts visitors interested in equestrianism from all over the world. Bijan and Manijeh City Ferdowsi, the great epic poet, has referred to Bojnourd as the city of Bijan and Manijeh - two famous characters of Shahnameh, who fell in love after Bijan was rescued from a deep well by Manijeh.
Mofakham Mansion is the largest and most significant architectural monument of the Qajar era in North Khorasan. It is located in the northeast of Bojnourd City. Along with other monuments including Mirror House, Pavilion, Springhouse, and portal, Mofakham Mansion has been constructed in a big garden in the Qajar dynasty all of which constituted Mofkham Government House. Mofakham Mansion is one of the most beautiful landscapes of Bojnourd. The mansion was built by Momtahen ol Molk Shaqaqi, a university graduate from France during the Qajar era, On Sardar Mofakham's order, in the early 1900s during Nassereddin Shah's reign. It was where Sardar Mofakham and his family lived and hosted state guests and politics. The mansion consists of two large halls with numerous decorations including mirrors, plaster, and tile works.
The tiles portray images of humans, flora and fauna. A statue of a human and an angel with two wings have been installed at the entrance of the building. Part of the mansion has been converted into the largest anthropology museum of North Khorasan, providing visitors with the chance of getting acquainted with regional traditions and handicrafts. The building was given to Public Health Administration by Sardar Mofakham's heirs to be used as a hospital. In August-September of 1991, the mansion was given to the then Cultural Heritage Organization of Bojnord. It became the Museum of Anthropology and Archeology of Bojnourd County after some slight repairs and modifications. Mofakham Mansion was registered in the list of National Heritage sites under registration number 952.
The spring water temperature is approximately 36 centigrade degrees. The water of this spring forms a pool with an area of 459 square meters and with a depth of approximately 5 meters. In the five-meter distance of this spring, there is a fresh and cold water spring and its water enters this pool from the northern side. Locals believe that Prophet Jacob, in order to cure himself from vitiligo, knocked his stick on the ground causing a spring of hot water to erupt from the earth.
Kurmanji Kurds were moved from North West of Iran after the 1610 war between Kurds and the Safavid Empire. In the 1610 war, a large number of Kurmanji Kurds were moved by force to Khorasan, in the eastern part of Iran. Kurmanji Kurdish is the spoken language of these people. Kurmanji is the most widespread dialect of the Kurdish languages. The names of tribes are generally composed of an origin followed by the suffix "Li" or "Lu" which implies "of" or "belonging to ". Thus a tribe may acquire its name by a founding father's name, for instance; the name Kavanlu (Kowanli / Kawanlu) comes after Kava / Kawe, which is the name of Kava the blacksmith (621 BC), the creator of Nowruz and its fire festival celebration, 21st March of every year.
Baba Aman is one of the oldest parks in Iran. It is located 10 km from Bojnourd City. The resort is a beautiful and pleasant place for travelers who wish to travel to northern cities, in particular Mashhad. There are 400 thousand trees such as acacia, sycamore, hawthorn, apricot, and wild raspberry bushes. Four points within the foothills are the sources for Baba Aman's main spring. The water flows to the pools to make artificial cascades. The spring water is calcic and sodic sulfate which is laxative and helps the digestive actions. A branch of the Atrak River is another attraction of Baba Aman. Another beautiful scenery of the park is Pardisan wildlife, in which you can find the diversity of plant and animal species of north Khorasan. There are rare animals in this park including deer, rams, and ewes.
Besh Qardash Gate and Pool is a monument and mineral spring in Bojnourd. The place is an entertainment and historical tourism attraction and is labeled as a national heritage by Iran Cultural Heritage, Handcrafts, and Tourism Organization. Besh Qardash is located along Bojnourd-Esfarayen road, roughly 7 kilometers from Bojnourd. The term "Besh Qardash" means "Five Brothers" in Khorasani Turkic language which is a local language in the region. It refers to the mythic history of the place.
According to the myth, there had been five brothers fighting against the then-brutal government and when they harbored to a hillside, they disappeared and five water springs trilled. In the Qajar era, Naser al-Din Shah passed the place in his state visit and ordered Yar Mohammad Khan Shadlou (also known as Sardar Mofakham or Siham al-Dowleh Bojnourdi) to construct a monument right next to the springs. Also, a crown-shaped swimming pool was built afterward.
Espidan Village is one of the tourism targets of North Khorasan Province. This village has an interesting residential texture and houses are built in a stair-like form on the hillside. Of the village attractions, we can point to Honarvar waterfall, Bargah waterfall, and Khazaneh Honarvar cave. Local products and souvenirs are walnuts and a variety of fruits. Hamid Waterfall Hamid Village is located 7 kilometers from the south of Bojnuord. In the south of this village, there are narrow valleys with massive rocks and at the end of the valley, you see a waterfall with a height of 25 meters 2 kilometers far from Hamid Village.
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