Lorestan, the land of history and Zealous Nomads
Lorestan with its high mountains is the birthplace of Iran's most important rivers such as the Zayandehrud, Jarrahi, Karun, and Karkheh. Between the higher ranges lie many fertile plains and low hilly, well-watered districts. The highest point in Lorestan Province is the Oshtorankuh peak at an elevation of 4,050 m. The low-valleys at the south are approximately 500 m above sea level.


The name 'Lorestan' means "Land of the Lors". The climate in Lorestan Province is generally sub-humid with winter precipitations, a lot of which falls as snow.
Thanks to natural conditions, various types of plants are growing in Lorestan Province. Most of the jungles in this region are covered by oak and turpentine which, along with other features, have provided a suitable living environment for human settlement. History Lorestan was a civilized region from ancient times and was the habitation of many tribes who gathered at the banks of the Semirehrud River. Kassites were one of the tribes which were living west and south of Lorestan during the Second Millennium BC.
After being defeated by Hammurabi, the governor of Babylon, the Kassites succeeded to conquer Lorestan and settle down. After being defeated by the government of Ilam the Kassites moved towards the Zagros region. Before the victory of Alexander, the Kassites stood like a wall and resisted the advance of Assyrians. The Kassites have left behind many bronze relics, universally known as Lorestan Bronzes.
After the arrival of the Medians, the Kassites and other tribes were assimilated with them. Later on, Lorestan was successfully integrated into the Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanian empires. Parts of the region managed to remain independent during the Arab, Seljuk, and Mongol invasions. The Attabeks of Lorestan formed two dynasties: The Greater Attabekan Lors and the Smaller Attabekan Lors. Lorestan is the only province in Iran that has occupied four sections of the Iranian National Museum containing prehistoric, historic, and Islamic vessels, seals, and coins.

Lorestan Province, Fritillaria in Lorestan

Administrative Divisions
 Lorestan includes 10 towns and counties namely Aligudarz, Azna, Borujerd, Delfan, Dorud, Doureh, Khorramabad, Kuhdasht, Poldokhtar, and Selseleh.

Tourist Attractions
Lorestan Province incorporates many ancient monuments and artifacts which can be divided into prehistoric, pre-Islamic, and post-Islamic periods. Most of the antiques in Lorestan consist of cave paintings and engravings, earthenware, and bronze ware. Lorestan Province possesses over 250 caves and desert resorts half of which have been registered as national monuments. Among important caves, one can refer to Homian prehistoric Cave in Khorramabad Valley as well as Pasanger, Qamari, Gangi, Gararjene, Yaften, and wonderful Kalmakareh caves. From the Achaemenid and Sassanian periods, many ruined bridges and forts have survived such as Gavmishan, Kashkan, Shapouri, Kalhor, and Mamoor
bridges as well as important castles including the famous Falak-ol-Aflak or Shapurkhast Cave near Khorramabad. Besides the above monuments, many Islamic mosques and shrines can be found in Lorestan Province. Lorestan also has beautiful nature with mountains, jungles, rivers, and waterfalls. Nothing feels like it to stand under a waterfall on a hot summer day. Bisheh is one of the places that exactly give you that feeling. Bisheh is a beautiful waterfall situated in the mountains between Khorramabad and Dorud.

Lorestan Province, Disc-headed pin depicting a female figure as decoration

This town possesses historic cave tombs, Achaemenid castles and ancient bridges, shrines, other attractions as well as a museum of anthropology. Meanwhile, several lakes in the town are very attractive indulging Khanabad Lake. Covering an area of 60 square km this lake is a lovely recreation sport. Aside from the above many waterfalls (including Chekan waterfall to be mentioned), caves, jungles, and oak jungles have rendered the suburbs of Aligudarz charming and attractive.

Monuments in this time include Imamzadeh Qasem and Pire-emad shrines. Mount Oshtorankuh, Shoorabad Plain, Tanboori Village, Darband Ski Report, Darreh Bagh, and many springs and waterfalls.
Historical Jame (congregation) Mosque built in the 2nd or 3rd century A.H. and is unique in workmanship. Other monuments include Imamzaden Jafar Shrine, Soltani Mosque, and a museum of history. Natural attractions in Boroujerd consist of huge conical valley west of the Boroujerd, Tappeh Chogha and several lovely rural resorts.

Gahar Lake Dorood-Lorestan Province

Gahar Lake 35 away from Doroud is one of the highest lakes in Iran. The lake is 400 to 800 m wide and 1500 m long with 2 to 28 m. depth. The surface of the Gahar Lake freezes in winter. Many tourists visit this lake thanks to its exceptional beauty. Negar Valley is a beautiful route to arrive at Gahar Lake. Shevi Waterfall is another beautiful site near Doroud. Water gushing from a cave in the mountain drops down from a lofty gorge. Thanks to the beautiful scenes around the waterfall many people visit in the spring. There are several other waterfalls, shrines, and lovely mountains around Doroud including the well-known Bisheh waterfall, mentioned before.

Khorramabad City
Khorramabad is the biggest Lori populated city in Iran which has been identified as a tourist city by the United Nations' Bureau of Human Settlement and the Bureau has launched several plans for the development of the city especially for the renovation of Falak-ol-Aflak Castle and other historical sites in the town. One river flowing east of the Khorramabad to the city center and another river flowing from north to the same place join each other and form Khorramrud River. Khorramrud River has divided the town into two parts. Khorramabad is rich with underground waters and springs. Khorramabad was known as Khaydaloo, the capital of the Elamite Empire. Present Khorramabad is sitting over the ruins of the ancient Elamite town. In 640 BC the Assyrian King Assurbanipal conquered Khaydaloo and devastated Elamite Empire. After a thousand years of resistance against Sumerians. Akkads and Babylonians the Elamite Empire was defeated by the Assyrians. Shapurkhast (later on called Falak-ol-Aflak) Castle was built by Shapur the First of Sassanid Empire over the ruins of Khaydaloo. The giant Castle was an important stronghold of the Sassanid Empire and resisted the invasion of Romans.

Tourist Attractions
Kiv Lake, southwest of Khorramabad, covers an area of 7 hectares and is the habitat of many aquatic species and local and migrant birds.

Sister Cities
Khorramabad has been twined with Yamagata in Japan.

People and culture
The Lors constitute part of the southwestern branch of the Iranian people and part of the Indo-Iranian linguistic group, stretching from the Hindu Kush to central Anatolia and from Central Asia to the Persian Gulf. Their language (called Lori language) is a branch of the ancient Pahlavi language and is closely related to Persian. There are two distinct dialects of this language in Lorestan: "Lor-eBozorg” (Greater Lor), which is spoken by the Bakhtiari's, and "Lor-e Kuchik” (Lesser Lor) spoken by the other Lors. Before the 20th century, the majority of Lors were nomadic herders, with an urban minority residing in Khorramabad city. In old times the majority of the people in Lorestan were Zoroastrians, but they were gradually converted into Shia Muslims. Nowadays the population of Lorestan is overwhelmingly Shia Muslim.

Tourists visiting Lorestan can buy handicrafts, woodwork, carpets, Gelims, and honey.

Khorramabad Museum inside Falak-ol-Aflak Castle displays prehistoric, pre-Islamic, and post-Islamic artifacts as well as the universally known Lorestan bronzes.

Khorramabad lies at a distance of 499 km from Tehran and there are daily flights from Tehran to Khorramabad Airport.

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